We choose for illustration two or three of the following topics where analytical theory, sometimes complemented by computation, is used to treat novel phenomena: catalysis of organic ‘on-water’ reactions in emulsions (1), enzyme catalysis, including several specific effects, the temperature independence of the H/D kinetic isotope effect for some enzymes operating under their natural conditions (2), an abnormal change in the Arrhenius pre-exponential factor for the catalytic rate of a thermophilic enzyme operating below its break-point temperature (2) (an analogy to a glass transition), predictions relating single molecule enzyme catalysis to other single molecule properties (3), and a topic drawn from the nanoparticle field, the intermittent fluorescence of semiconductor nanoparticles, interpreted in terms of an electron transfer, structural diffusion, and trap surface states theory (4). In particular what can be learned from single-molecule studies? Are they and the usual bulk ensemble studies complementary?
The research topics were each stimulated by puzzles arising from the experiments.
References and Notes5
1. Y. Jung & RAM, J.Am.Chem.Soc. 129, 5492 (2007).
2. RAM, in Quantum Tunneling in Enzyme Catalyzed Reactions, R. Allemann & N. S. Scrutton, eds. (2009).
3. M. K. Prakash & RAM, Proc.Nat.Acad.Sci.USA 104, 15982 (2007) and J.Phys.Chem.B 112, 399 (2008).
4 J. Tang & RAM, J.Chem.Phys. 123, 054704 (2005) and P. Frantsuzov & RAM, Phys.Rev.B 72,155321 (2005).
5. These references contain citations of the large body of experiments in these fields.