In late April 2020, for the first time in history the oil price went negative - not the best circumstances for advancing renewable energy sources. While no one knows for sure how the oil price may affect the economy in general and carbon‐reduction measures in particular, the imminent threat of climate change has not disappeared, and neither has the need for alternatives to carbon‐based fuels and for a transition to a “green chemistry” in industry worldwide.
Finding and improving catalysts and enzymes are one key to such developments. In the mobility sector batteries are an alternative but at present it is not clear if they will become efficient and sustainable enough in the near future to replace fuels in all applications.
Which energy sources and methods (solar, biomass, nuclear, fusion etc.) are most promising?
- Fatima Enam, Stanford University, School of Medicine, Microbiology and Immunology, USA
- Hartmut Michel, Max-Planck-Institute of Biophysics, Germany
- Ryoji Noyori, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Center for Research and Development Strategy, Japan
- Kwadwo Owusu, Wuhan University of Technology, Materials Science and Engineering, China
- Robert Schlögl, Managing Director, MPI for Chemical Energy Conversion, Department Heterogeneous Reactions, Germany
Moderator: Magdalena Skipper, Editor in Chief, Nature, United Kingdom